Robotic Surgery is a technique that helps the surgeon and the surgeon is sitting at a console and remotely controls small instruments through tiny instruments that are attached to a robotic.
Robotic surgery helps with the limitations of laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery as well as enhances the dexterity of the surgeon's capabilities themselves.
Just about any surgery can be done with robotic surgery and as the technology improves that's going to get even better. The biggest advantage of Robotic surgery is actually operating in the pelvis. So if you have Pelvic Floor Reconstruction, or if you have Rectal Cancer that gives the best advantage to the patient for more precise surgery and more precise excision, particularly for a tumor.
The great thing about this technology is that it is state-of-the-art technology through very tiny incisions. So there is minimal scarring, and there are minimal incisions involved. It also provides the surgeon with excellent 3-D, high definition vision so there is more precise removal of tumors. The surgeon can actually see the nerves for bowel function, sexual function so you avoid damaging those nerves. In addition, because it’s so minimally invasive, there's a quicker recovery for your diet and bowel function. There's also a shorter hospitalization and a quicker recovery back to work.
The robot is not performing the procedure. The robot is an extension of the surgeon. The surgeon is controlling the arms of the robot and the tools that the robot is using remotely. Nothing is done without every thought process of the surgeon. It is extremely safe. There are many safety measures built into the system. In other words, the surgeon is actually putting their head into the console and there are radio frequency waves that are bouncing off your surgeon's head. If your surgeon pulls their head back from the console, everything automatically stops until your surgeon reintroduces them-self and their hand movements back. It is an extremely safe technique.
The biggest advantage is operating in the pelvis. With laparoscopic surgery the surgeon's movements are really limited. With robotic surgery the surgeon's movements are greatly enhanced and provides rotation and twisting of the wrists. This allows your surgeon to get deeper and down into the pelvis with very complicated rectal cancers. By doing so, this allows the patient to avoid nerve damage, a permanent colostomy, provides a much better chance of removal of an entire tumor, and joining the bowel back together again through all of this remote technology. The other great advantage is that these are really small instruments and these are small tools the surgeon is using so the recovery is significantly quicker than the laparoscopic or traditional approach.